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Role of Ayurveda in Public Health Care

May. 12, 2022   •   Nikita Saha

AUTHOR'S PROFILE: Nishmita Tah, KIIT School of Law, KIIT University, Bhubaneshwar.


Health is an inclusive right. However, the protection and promotion of health services include the availability of quality and affordable health facilities, safe environment and working conditions, adequate housing, and nutritious food defined by the World Medical Association (WMA). According to the world health organization (WHO), "the satisfaction in the most elevated feasible norm of wellbeing is one of the major privileges of each individual." The preface of the constitution characterizes wellbeing as the condition of complete physical, mental and social prosperity and not only the shortfall of illness or sickness.[1] Under Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), Health is part of the right to an adequate standard of living.

Thousands of years back, Ayurveda used to be the ancient medical system. People used to depend on Ayurveda medicine for the holistic results of health promotion, disease prevention, and treatment. The majority of the Indian population has been engaged in ayurvedic health care duty for hundreds of years. Despite several wars in India, the Ayurveda regimen has survived; However, many changes have come across. The reasons for survival included effective health promotion, disease prevention, and treatment. Most of the scientific vaidyas are established in villages practising for the local people and local community, thus sharing many of the people's cultural values. [2] According to ayurvedic theory, Health is defined as the continuous physical, mental, and spiritual happiness and fulfilment; a proper balance of organs systems, psyche and spirit, and balanced and creative relationships with fellow creatures and nature as a whole, family, friends, work, climate, ideals and customs, truth and ourselves. However, the medical science of Ayurveda aims to preserve the health of a healthy person and to help them to achieve four main principles of life include virtue, wealth, pleasure, and liberation from the cycle of rebirth. Moreover, the second aim is to treat illness and disease.[3]

According to the ayurvedic definition of Health by Sushruta states, One whose doshas are in balance, whose appetite is good, whose dhatus are functioning normally, whose males are in balance, and whose physiology, mind, and senses are always full of bliss, is called a healthy person.[4] Sanskrit, svastha means healthy; Sva means self, and stha means established: established in the self. Self has three parts-body, mind, and spirit.[5] On the Other hand, health promotion is enriched by understanding punchamahabhutas , tridosha theory, ecological health concepts, yoga, and nutrition from Ayurveda.

Many traditionalistic vaidyas teach yoga as a primary part of their ayurvedic practise in India. According to Swami Yogananda, the state of mind of a perfected yogi is effortlessly identified not with a narrow body but with a universal structure. [6]Yoga is a holistic science and therapy that embraces physical, moral, social, mental, and spiritual wellbeing. Various studies show that the regular practice of asanas has been proven to affect ill people positively. Breathing exercises have aided people with Vata disorders such as bronchial ailments. Meditation has been shown to stabilize emotional imbalances, prevent the abnormal functioning of vital organs, and restrain and control the nervous system. Individuals with diabetes and epilepsy have profited from the customary act of yoga.[7]

According to Iyengar, the goals of Ayurveda and yoga assist people in attaining self-realization. The significant distinction, he affirms, is that yoga trains individuals to achieve mental and actual strength without the help of outside specialists. Ayurvedic experts give different cures and meds for this reason and sickness treatment.[8] The old-style writings of Ayurveda depict numerous standards pertinent to general wellbeing like irresistible infection, insusceptibility, sustenance, etc. In any case, this current record is restricted to general Health.[9]

In the year 1920, as per CEA, Winslow characterizes Public Health as "the science and craft of forestalling infections, dragging out life, and advancing wellbeing and effectiveness through coordinated local area endeavours."[10]Public Health as a discipline is mainly seen as a part of community medicine. However, the years back classical text of Ayurveda also described certain public health principles in its expression.


Medicinal plants have been used in healthcare since time immemorial. Medicinal plants play vital roles in disease prevention, and their promotion and use fit into all existing prevention strategies. The first and foremost role of traditional medicines is to prevent diseases. According to the Expert Group of the World Health Organisation (WHO) outlined that, the Traditional Medicine as the sum of all total knowledge and practices, whether it is explainable or not, but used in diagnosing, preventing, and removal of physical, mental, or social imbalance and relying entirely on practical experience and observation handed down from generation to generation, whether verbally or in writing.[11] In the 21st century, due to Modern living, an inactive lifestyle, stressful environment, and underrating of their importance has become a significant factor in not consuming these daily regimen in their life; as a result, which ultimately leads to the worsening of the Health of a person.[12] However, still, in this modern generation, many people are depended upon the naturally ayurvedic health-promoting drinks like lemon water, buttermilk, Turmeric tea, etc., for taking the health benefits but walking over the path, the idea of health drinks has been replaced by high calorie aerated cold drinks, tea, and coffee which has increased the consumption. Resulted of the maximum worsening Health includes obesity, lungs, heart, breathing problems, etc. Traditional seasonal preventives like Neem and bitter gourd are hated due to their bitter taste. However, for any skin problems or fungal infection, juice of bitter gourd and neem water was consumed for the hundred per cent benefits. In ancient days, children were taught to have balanced diet meals including fruits, vegetables, milk, etc., with lots of physical activity. However, in the 21st century, children are not taught about the value and benefits of fruits in their daily diet; instead, they are provoked to consume oily snacks, street food, or fast foods daily, which have invaded society as a menace. People are becoming less active due to unhealthy lifestyles.[13]

Additionally, in these social orders, natural cures have gotten more mainstream in treating minor illnesses because of the expanding expenses of individual well-being support. Undoubtedly, the market and public interest have been extraordinary to such an extent that there is an incredible danger that numerous therapeutic plants today face either eradication or loss of hereditary variety. Fasting has become a health regimen for maintaining of the good state of Health that has been overlooked. Traditional holistic yoga practices have been replaced by rigorous working at the gym, which provides only muscle development and is supposed to make people lose extra weight. Thousands of studies look into evidence that proves that yoga practices give physical benefits like increased flexibility, increased range of movement, and increased cardiac and pulmonary efficiency; apart from this, they bring mental calmness and tranquillity.


It has been proved that obesity is the mother of all diseases, including diabetes and hypertension, which lead to various organ damage resulting plethora of diseases involving the heart, brain, liver, lungs, kidneys, and eyes. These are the conditions where Ayurveda, Yoga, Homeopathy, and different choices of drugs can affect wellbeing and infection. It has been proved that timely interventions in prediabetic and pre-hypertensive conditions with alternative medicines can result in the regression of diseases and restoration of health.


The rural population is more oriented and open to traditional medicines than the urban population. For centuries and ages, rural India has utilized traditional knowledge in treating diseases in the absence of modern facilities. The modern healthcare system is yet to reach the remote corners of rural India to deliver its latest developments in the service of villagers.[14]India, the country of towns, requires an escalated admittance to pastoral well-being care. The idea of mainstreaming AYUSH was a thought in the ninth long-term plan. It was executed in the country by NRHM in 2005.

Most health problems that suffer in rural areas are similar to urban slums, and they are easily treatable and preventable. The ASHA unit has remembered one of the Ayurvedic items known as Punarnavadi Mandura to administer sickliness at the local area level. The potential of AYUSH drugs to tackle community health problems resulting from nutritional deficiencies, epidemics, and vector-borne diseases has been widely recognized. The administration of India has perceived a portion of the standards and therapeutics of Ayurveda as a method of intercession to local area medical issues, i.e., Ksharasutra treatment for anorectal issues rejuvenating treatment for the decrepit degenerative problem, and so forth.

AYUSH specialists and paramedics colossally renew the inadequate labour forces in rural areas in India. Large numbers of therapeutics are being utilized in various structures to administer local area medical issues that are protected and viable. A significant number of the standards depicted in the traditional writings of Ayurveda and different frameworks of medication, for example, Yoga and Naturopathy, are being used, and a considerable lot of them are proposed in the state program execution and arranging. This situation is not similar; taking all things together with the states as well-being in India is a state issue. This issue must be figured out for the viable execution of mainstreaming of AYUSH and rejuvenation of nearby wellbeing customs in a more homogenous way all through the country.


Conventional medical care like Ayurveda is the correct decision to treat irresistible illnesses. In conventional techniques for relieving irresistible illnesses like Chickenpox, Malaria, Measles, mumps, jaundice, and AIDS, homegrown arrangements and plant and leaves removed, the glue of leaves of Neem and Turmeric, Ginger, Garlic and other therapeutic plant is utilized. This treatment is exceptionally useful in non-industrial nations where no or fewer sources are available. This treatment is not more costly, and groups of backward class people can avail of it without any problem.[15]

In neurological issues, immovable torments, bone, common illnesses, and ongoing conditions, elective treatment has better outcomes where current medication has neglected to give any help. The ideal models are immune system sicknesses, skin illnesses like psoriasis and rheumatoid joint inflammation, etc. Treatment of these problems constantly arrives with the utilization of corticosteroids which have actual results. Interestingly, the elective treatments focus on tissue recovery and are a characteristic solution for the protests. They utilize the body's recuperating forces to defeat unmanageable sicknesses. Rather than forcing a fix through unforgiving unnatural methods, for the most part, the Ayurveda, Homeopathy, and other elective cures continuously persuade the body to recuperate itself.[16]

Homegrown treatment is the natural variety of mending treatment to fix the sicknesses of humanity. Presently, the homegrown meds are once more conspicuous because the engineered medications, which once had general acknowledgement, are currently known to cause results regularly. As of late, it has been clinically demonstrated that the treatment of hypertension utilizing manufactured drugs is adversely affecting the patient's psychological well-being.[17]


In the cases of pregnancy and lactation, numerous medications utilized in current medication have possibly perilous results; however, they are essential. Security of the vast majority of the medications has not been set up in such circumstances. Indeed, numerous medications are contraindicated even in paediatrics because of their antagonistic responses. In such circumstances, the AYUSH medications are a help to the patient. Because of their common birthplace and frequently without tangible results, they are the treatment of decisions in pregnancy, lactation, and adolescence. Regularly Homeopathy is significantly more famous in pediatric patients than tablets and infusions. [18]The replacement medications should be explored and promoted to get different issues during pregnancy to keep away from harmful impacts of current treatment upon the baby.


Relentless rivalry, upsetting life occasions, scant assets, and absence of entertainment have prompted an extent of psychological sicknesses. Advanced medication attempts to oversee them with hostility to tension and upper, narcotics, and antipsychotic medications. All these may have accurate results, now and again lessening the mental productivity of patients.[19]

A few medications lead to sexual unsettling influences, adjustment, and even abuse. Individuals unpredictably utilize sedatives and tranquillizers in a type of self-prescription to get alleviation from upsetting mental indications. In this situation, treatment of such issues should be possible vastly improved through the treatments accessible with elective medications. For instance, in a preliminary, yoga alongside Pranayama has been demonstrated to give comparative outcomes to treatment with antipsychotic drugs. Epileptic issues have profited from elective meds. So cutting-edge specialists ought to perceive the possibilities of AYUSH treatments and attempt them as options in contrast to present-day drugs. In such a manner, the AYUSH treatments may fix the psychological sicknesses without undesired results like weight and mental Slowdown.[20]


A large portion of the cutting-edge prescriptions in this field are chemical-based treatments with actual results. Numerous medications like Sildenafil and its subsidiaries have demonstrated cardiovascular results. In this specific situation, AYUSH can be a superior option in contrast to present-day medication. With the information on Vajikaran in Ayurveda, other customary arrangements in Unani and Siddha, combined with broad writing accessible in Homeopathy regarding the matter, AYUSH can supplant the regularly hazardous present-day drugs for reclamation of sexual wellbeing. However, it should be called attention to that strict quality control, and cautiousness against homegrown counterfeit items are an absolute necessity. They regularly notice the name of spices in their structure to delude the patients. A strict vigil should be kept to dodge such questionable items from flooding the market. Yoga strategies and practices to improve sexual well-being should be advocated and elevated to introduce genuine sexual well-being among the majority. The public authority should put forth associated attempts toward this path. Old Ayurvedic messages regarding the matter ought to be promoted, and professionals should give unique preparation to help carry the advantages to the everyday person.[21]


This is the previously known instance of a Coronavirus infection (COVID-19) positive patient treated with Ayurveda. So far in Modern Western Medicine (MWM), no cure has been discovered, which is explicit to COVID-19. Coronavirus is a quickly changing and developing circumstance. The World Health Organization (WHO) continually checks and refreshes the data accessible regarding its spread, mortality, and grimness.[22]

As researchers and clinical specialists across the globe are working day and night to get a treatment to contain the spread of the novel Covid, a historic break consequence of a clinical preliminary of COVID-19 patients has brought about new expectations. The patients were going through regular treatment for COVID-19 out of three medical clinics. It was tracked down that the mixed therapy of Ayurvedic cure had the option to mitigate a portion of the indications of COVID-19 prior when contrasted with the traditional course of allopathic therapy. According to the reports, the mix of these common cures delivered better outcomes when contrasted with the standard treatment affirmed by the public authority for COVID-19.[23]

In India, clinical preliminaries for four Ayurvedic cures are in progress, and many accept that this local plant could be the genuinely necessary invulnerability sponsor to battle the evil impacts of COVID-19. Patanjali overseeing chief Acharya Balkrishna says, "To advance Ayurveda, it must be created as a proof-based science. "We have neglected Ayurvedic science for a long time. Germs are wherever, yet just those with weak resistance become sick. Ayurvedic meds can help invulnerability prevent the Covid from entering your body, "The preliminaries are utilizing some fundamental perceptions made in Covid patients". More than 100 Covid patients have recuperated with Ayurvedic medications. Four drugs—Yashtimadhu, Ashwagandha, Guduchi Pippali, and Ayush-64—are being contemplated. These will be tried in three periods of Covid disease—avoidance, treatment, and recuperation stage.[24]


These days, individuals are vigorously dependent upon the present-day medical services framework. However, furthermore, assuming an individual uses AYUSH treatments to support his wellbeing, his well-being-related hopelessness will be cut to a radical degree; in such manner, government and different establishments should advance an all-encompassing route in the treatment of illnesses and upkeep of wellbeing. All conventional restorative frameworks ought to be promoted. Every understanding ought to be independently assessed to choose which treatment will be most appropriate for the person in question. Pediatric, geriatric, and gynaecology patients merit a sager treatment through AYUSH. Extreme hazardous conditions ought to be managed in current medical care. More ongoing conditions, where long haul treatment is essential, as in rheumatology and way of life issues, ought to find support from elective medications. AYUSH should be given inclination during treatments for revival, psychological well-being, sexual issues, dermatology, and cosmetology. AYUSH may have a significant influence in lessening the expense of medical services to the public authority, particularly in provincial territories. Advancement of AYUSH treatments will go far in anticipation of procedures for the local area.

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